Pulse Industry

Cluster 2 (2013-2018)

Between 2013 and 2018, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the Canadian pulse industry is investing ~$18M in Pulse Science Research Cluster 2 to will address key challenges and research priorities identified by key stakeholders in Canada’s pulse industry.

Organizations that have invested in Cluster 2 research include:

  • Pulse grower organizations - Alberta Pulse Growers Commission; Manitoba Pulse and Soybean Growers Association; Ontario Bean Producers; Saskatchewan Pulse Growers.
  • Other industry organizations: AGT Food Ingredients; InfraReady Products; Western Grain Foundation
  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada


Research activities are focused on four major areas that affect pulse growers:

  • Continuous improvements in agronomic practices
  • Genetically improved varieties that maintain Canada’s position as a global leader in pulse production
  • Food processing knowledge that facilitates increased use of pulses and pulse ingredients
  • Scientific evidence to support human health claims related to pulse consumption.


Cluster 2 research activites are being completed by research teams across Canada from the Universities of Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Guelph, Toronto, Alberta, Memorial University, McMaster University, Alberta Research and Extension Council of Alberta, the Canadian International Grain Institute, and Alberta Agriculture and Agri-Food Development, as well as AAFC scientists in multiple locations across Canada.

Progress within Cluster 2 research projects are reported at extension meetings and summer tours, published in scientific journals, industry grower association magazines, technology transfer articles and in the proceedings of research conferences. 


Cluster 2 research in the area of Genetic Improvement includes: 

Pulse crop(s)

Title of research project

Research Team

Dry edible beans (navy, cranberry, kidney, black, pinto, red, great northern, yellow)

Selection for dry bean canning quality

Dr. Parthiba Balasubramanian –PI (AAFC Lethbridge)

Dry edible beans (pinto, great northern, yellow, red, black)

Early maturing lines with improved disease resistance

Dr. Parthiba Balasubramanian – PI (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Syama Chatterton (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Robert Conner (AAFC Morden)

 

Dry edible beans (pinto, black, great northern, yellow, red)

Microclimate management for white mould disease control

 

Dr. Syama Chatterton - PI (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Parthiba Balasubramanian (AAFC Lethbridge)

Dry edible beans (navy, pinto, great northern, black, red, pink, kidney, cranberry)

Improve nutritional values of dry bean to promote its utilization in health foods

Dr. John Lu – PI (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Parthiba Balasubramanian (AAFC Lethbridge)

Dry edible beans (navy, black, cranberry, dark & light red kidney)

Development of dry bean germplasm and varieties adapted to south-western Ontario

Dr. Peter Pauls – PI (U of Guelph); Dr. Frederic Marsolais (AAFC London); Dr. Parthiba Balasubramanian (AAFC Lethbridge)

Dry edible beans

Developing herbicide tolerance in dry beans

Dr. Frederic Marsolais – PI (AAFC London)

Dry edible beans (navy, black, yellow, pinto)

Development of dry bean cultivars/germplasm with high yield, disease resistance and marketable seed quality for production in Manitoba

Dr. Anfu Hou – AAFC Morden; Dr. Frederic Marsolais – AAFC London; Dr. Robert Conner – AAFC Morden

Commercial dry bean fields

Develop and assess molecular diagnostic procedures for the rapid, specific and sensitive detection of root rot pathogens in symptomatic dry bean roots

Dr. Debra McLaren –PI (AAFC Brandon); Dr. Stephen Strelkov (U of Alberta)

Dry edible beans (kidney, navy)

Applied dry bean pest management

Mr. Chris Gillard – PI (U of Guelph)

Dry edible beans

Applied dry bean nitrogen management

Mr. Chris Gillard – PI (U of Guelph)

Soybean

Comparison of dry bean and soybean for agronomic traits, inputs, diseases and nitrogen-fixing benefits to following crops, water use and harvest losses

Dr. Frank Larney – PI (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Manjula Bandara (Alberta Agriculture & Rural Development - Brooks); Dr. Newton Lupwayi (AAFC Lethbridge); Parthiba Balasubramanian (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Syama Chatterton (AAFC Lethbridge)

 

Dry edible beans

Identify advanced dry bean breeding lines or co-op entries with resistance to common bacterial blight, anthracnose and white mold. Develop new methods for controlling halo blight in dry beans

Dr. Robert Conner – PI (AAFC Morden)

Field pea

Development of field pea varieties with improved disease resistance and harvestability

Dr. Deng-Jin Bing – PI (AAFC Lacombe)

Field pea

Develop and assess molecular diagnostic procedures for the rapid, specific and sensitive detection of root rot pathogens in symptomatic field pea roots

Dr. Bruce Gossen – PI (AAFC Saskatoon); Dr. Debra McLaren (AAFC Brandon); Dr. Robert Conner (AAFC Morden); Dr. Syama Chatterton (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Stephen Strelkov (U of Alberta).

 

Cluster 2 research in the area of Agronomic Improvements includes:

Pulse crop(s)

Title of research project

Researchers

Soybean, faba bean

Adaptation and establishment of soybean (Glycine max) under no-till in south Saskatchewan

Chris Holzapfel – PI (Indian Head Agricultural Research Foundation); Bryan Nybo (Wheatland Conservation Area)

Lentil

Effect of seeding rate and seed size on lentil diseases, weeds, yields and profitability

Dr. Steve Shirtliffe – PI (U of Saskatchewan)

Soybean

Soybean Root Rot: Investigation and Integrated Management Strategies

Dr. Debra McLaren – PI (AAFC Brandon); Dr. Stephen Strelkov (U of Alberta); Dr. Kan-Fa Chang (Alberta Agriculture & Agri-Food Development - Edmonton);  Dr. Sheau-Fang Hwang (Alberta Agriculture & Agri-Food Development - Edmonton); Dr. Robert Conner (AAFC Morden)

Pea, Faba bean

Evaluation of Field Pea and Faba Bean Germplasm for Alberta Growers

Robyne Bowness (Alberta Agriculture & Agri-Food Development - Lacombe); Janette McDonald (Agriculture Research & Extension Council of Alberta)

Field pea, Clearfield lentil, lentil

Managing Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Pulses with Alternative Modes of Action

Dr. Hugh Beckie (AAFC Saskatoon), Eric Johnson (U of Saskatchewan)

Soybean, yellow pea

Survey of nematode pests of pulse crops and development of rapid molecular quantification of soybean cyst nematode in soil

 

Dr. Mario Tenuta (U of Manitoba)

Lentil, Pea, Chickpea

Frequency and sequence of annual pulses in cropping systems.  Phase II

Dr. Yantai Gan – PI (AAFC Swift Current), Dr. Chantal Hamel (AAFC Swift Current), Dr. Manjula Bandara (Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development – Brooks)

 

Cluster 2 research in the area of Processing and Utilization includes:

Pulse crop(s)

Title of research project

Researchers

Pea, chickpea,

lentil and bean,

and associated

flour

 

Characterization of structure, physicochemical and physiological properties of starch from Canadian grown pulse crops to develop novel functional food ingredients and functional foods for human health benefits

Dr. Qiang Liu – PI (AAFC Guelph); Dr. Michael Thompson (McMaster University), Dr. Ratnajothi Hoover (Memorial University)

Peas, lentils, chickpeas, faba beans and beans – whole and split

A quantitative assessment of the anti-nutritional properties of Canadian pulses

Dr. Michael Nickerson – PI (U of Saskatchewan), Dr. Sue Arntfield (U of Manitoba), Dr. Janitha Wanasundara (AAFC Saskatoon), Dr. Rex Newkirk (Canadian International Grains Institute)

 

Seed coat fibre of yellow pea, lentil, and faba bean

Utilization of yellow pea, lentil and faba bean fibre and starch for meat product applications

Dr. Phyllis Shand – PI (U of Saskatchewan), Dr. Janitha Wanasundara (AAFC Saskatoon), Dr. Mehmet Tulbek (AGT Food Ingredients)

Lentil

Thermal pre-treatment of pulses for innovative ingredients and consumer-ready meat products 11: Going Global

Dr. Phyllis Shand – PI (U of Saskatchewan), Dr. Janitha Wanasundara (AAFC Saskatoon), Dr. Mark Pickard (InfraReady Foods)

 

Cluster 2 research in the area of Human Health Outcomes includes:

Pulse crop(s)

Title of research project

Researchers

Chickpea, lentil

Determining the link between pulse foods, gut health, and chronic disease

Krista Power (PI)

Lindsay Robinson

Emma Allen-Vercoe

 

Effect of a pulse-based diet on the health of women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: Phase II investigation

Gord Zello

Lentil, pea

Blood glucose attenuation and satiety levels in humans following consumption of whole lentil and yellow pea and their food products; effect of processing and starch fractions

Dan Ramdath (PI)

Alison Duncan

Lentil

The Effects of Lentil Fractions on Short-term Blood Glucose, Insulin, Food Intake and Appetite

Harvey Anderson

Beans (navy, pinto, black, red kidney), faba beans, kabuli chickpea, pea (yellow, green), lentils (red, laird)

The effect of variety and processing on the protein quality of Canadian pulses for the human diet

James House (PI)



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