Pulse Industry

Cluster 2 (2013-2018)

Between 2013 and 2018, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the Canadian pulse industry is investing ~$18M in Pulse Science Research Cluster 2 to will address key challenges and research priorities identified by key stakeholders in Canada’s pulse industry.

Organizations that have invested in Cluster 2 research include:

  • Pulse grower organizations - Alberta Pulse Growers Commission; Manitoba Pulse and Soybean Growers Association; Ontario Bean Producers; Saskatchewan Pulse Growers.
  • Other industry organizations: AGT Food Ingredients; InfraReady Products; Western Grain Foundation
  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada


Research activities are focused on four major areas that affect pulse growers:

  • Continuous improvements in agronomic practices
  • Genetically improved varieties that maintain Canada’s position as a global leader in pulse production
  • Food processing knowledge that facilitates increased use of pulses and pulse ingredients
  • Scientific evidence to support human health claims related to pulse consumption.


Cluster 2 research activites are being completed by research teams across Canada from the Universities of Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Guelph, Toronto, Alberta, Memorial University, McMaster University, Alberta Research and Extension Council of Alberta, the Canadian International Grain Institute, and Alberta Agriculture and Agri-Food Development, as well as AAFC scientists in multiple locations across Canada.

Progress within Cluster 2 research projects are reported at extension meetings and summer tours, published in scientific journals, industry grower association magazines, technology transfer articles and in the proceedings of research conferences. 


Cluster 2 research in the area of Genetic Improvement includes: 

Pulse crop(s)

Title of research project

Research Team

Key Search Terms

Dry edible beans (navy, cranberry, kidney, black, pinto, red, great northern, yellow)

Selection for dry bean canning quality

Dr. Parthiba Balasubramanian –PI (AAFC Lethbridge)

Cooperative registration trials, canning quality, hard-to-cook seeds, stone seeds

Dry edible beans (pinto, great northern, yellow, red, black)

Early maturing lines with improved disease resistance

Dr. Parthiba Balasubramanian – PI (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Syama Chatterton (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Robert Conner (AAFC Morden)

 

Germplasm, disease resistance, white mould, common bacterial blight (CBB), partial resistance, bacterial wilt, field resistance, Sclerotinia, Xanthomonas axonopodis, Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens

Dry edible beans (pinto, black, great northern, yellow, red)

Microclimate management for white mould disease control

 

Dr. Syama Chatterton - PI (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Parthiba Balasubramanian (AAFC Lethbridge)

Microclimate, white mould management, canopy architecture, Sclerotinia, irrigation frequency

Dry edible beans (navy, pinto, great northern, black, red, pink, kidney, cranberry)

Improve nutritional values of dry bean to promote its utilization in health foods

Dr. John Lu – PI (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Parthiba Balasubramanian (AAFC Lethbridge)

Resistant starch, dietary fibre, germplasm,

Dry edible beans (navy, black, cranberry, dark & light red kidney)

Development of dry bean germplasm and varieties adapted to south-western Ontario

Dr. Peter Pauls – PI (U of Guelph); Dr. Frederic Marsolais (AAFC London); Dr. Parthiba Balasubramanian (AAFC Lethbridge)

Multiple disease resistance, beneficial phytochemicals, biotic and abiotic factors, post-harvest darkening, non-darkening, marker based selection (MAS), Canadian Bean Adaptation Trial (CBAT), Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, Canadian CBB Nursery, bean common mosaic virus, Fusarium, Sclerotinia, soybean cyst nematode

Dry edible beans

Developing herbicide tolerance in dry beans

Dr. Frederic Marsolais – PI (AAFC London)

Imazethapyr, glyphosate, glyfosinate, Pursuit, herbicide-tolerance

Dry edible beans (navy, black, yellow, pinto)

Development of dry bean cultivars/germplasm with high yield, disease resistance and marketable seed quality for production in Manitoba

Dr. Anfu Hou – AAFC Morden; Dr. Frederic Marsolais – AAFC London; Dr. Robert Conner – AAFC Morden

Long season wide row dry bean cooperative registration trials, regional variety trials, cultivar registration, molecular marker development, mapping

Commercial dry bean fields

Develop and assess molecular diagnostic procedures for the rapid, specific and sensitive detection of root rot pathogens in symptomatic dry bean roots

Dr. Debra McLaren –PI (AAFC Brandon); Dr. Stephen Strelkov (U of Alberta)

Root rot, Fusarium, Rhizoctonia, molecular diagnostic tools, pathogen resistance, disease control

Dry edible beans (kidney, navy)

Applied dry bean pest management

Mr. Chris Gillard – PI (U of Guelph)

Pest management, anthracnose, common bacterial blight (CBB), white mould, root rot, western bean cutworm (Striacosta albicosta), potato leafhopper, neonicotinoids, soybean cyst nematode

Dry edible beans

Applied dry bean nitrogen management

Mr. Chris Gillard – PI (U of Guelph)

Fertilizer recommendations, nitrogen management,

Soybean

Comparison of dry bean and soybean for agronomic traits, inputs, diseases and nitrogen-fixing benefits to following crops, water use and harvest losses

Dr. Frank Larney – PI (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Manjula Bandara (Alberta Agriculture & Rural Development - Brooks); Dr. Newton Lupwayi (AAFC Lethbridge); Parthiba Balasubramanian (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Syama Chatterton (AAFC Lethbridge)

 

Irrigated rotation study, soybean, microbial biomass, bacterial phylogenetic diversity, C/N/P/S cycling

Dry edible beans

Identify advanced dry bean breeding lines or co-op entries with resistance to common bacterial blight, anthracnose and white mold. Develop new methods for controlling halo blight in dry beans

Dr. Robert Conner – PI (AAFC Morden)

Foliar disease, anthracnose, white mould, common bacterial blight (CBB), resistance, halo lbight

Field pea

Development of field pea varieties with improved disease resistance and harvestability

Dr. Deng-Jin Bing – PI (AAFC Lacombe)

 

Field pea

Develop and assess molecular diagnostic procedures for the rapid, specific and sensitive detection of root rot pathogens in symptomatic field pea roots

Dr. Bruce Gossen – PI (AAFC Saskatoon); Dr. Debra McLaren (AAFC Brandon); Dr. Robert Conner (AAFC Morden); Dr. Syama Chatterton (AAFC Lethbridge); Dr. Stephen Strelkov (U of Alberta).

 

 

Cluster 2 research in the area of Agronomic Improvements includes:

Pulse crop(s)

Title of research project

Researchers

Key Search Terms

Soybean, faba bean

Adaptation and establishment of soybean (Glycine max) under no-till in south Saskatchewan

Chris Holzapfel – PI (Indian Head Agricultural Research Foundation); Bryan Nybo (Wheatland Conservation Area)

No-till production, soybean, Glycine max, seeding rate, seeding depth, row spacing, Glycine max

Lentil

Effect of seeding rate and seed size on lentil diseases, weeds, yields and profitability

Dr. Steve Shirtliffe – PI (U of Saskatchewan)

Seeding rate, seed size, row spacing, row width

Soybean

Soybean Root Rot: Investigation and Integrated Management Strategies

Dr. Debra McLaren – PI (AAFC Brandon); Dr. Stephen Strelkov (U of Alberta); Dr. Kan-Fa Chang (Alberta Agriculture & Agri-Food Development - Edmonton);  Dr. Sheau-Fang Hwang (Alberta Agriculture & Agri-Food Development - Edmonton); Dr. Robert Conner (AAFC Morden)

Soybean, Fusarium, Phytophthora, root rot pathogens, soilborne pathogens, symptomatic soybean roots, fungal root pathogen

Pea, Faba bean

Evaluation of Field Pea and Faba Bean Germplasm for Alberta Growers

Robyne Bowness (Alberta Agriculture & Agri-Food Development - Lacombe); Janette McDonald (Agriculture Research & Extension Council of Alberta)

Field pea, Faba bean, Germplasm, Yield trials, Regional Variety Testing, Registration, Field Pea Cooperative Registration Test

Field pea, Clearfield lentil, lentil

Managing Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Pulses with Alternative Modes of Action

Dr. Hugh Beckie (AAFC Saskatoon), Eric Johnson (U of Saskatchewan)

Herbicide resistance, lentil injury, split applications, adjuvant, minor use, pre-emergence, post-emergence, glyphosate-resistant kochia, cleavers, ALS-resistant wild mustard, flumioxazin, fluthiacet-methyl, pyroxasulfone, propyzamide

Soybean, yellow pea

Survey of nematode pests of pulse crops and development of rapid molecular quantification of soybean cyst nematode in soil

 

Dr. Mario Tenuta (U of Manitoba)

Soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Ditylenchus weischeri, Ditylenchus dipsaci,  market access, plant-parasitic nematode, export

Lentil, Pea, Chickpea

Frequency and sequence of annual pulses in cropping systems.  Phase II

Dr. Yantai Gan – PI (AAFC Swift Current), Dr. Chantal Hamel (AAFC Swift Current), Dr. Manjula Bandara (Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development – Brooks)

Crop rotation, pyrosequencing, soil microbes, cropping systems, crop frequency, crop sequence, soil microbiota

 

Cluster 2 research in the area of Processing and Utilization includes:

Pulse crop(s)

Title of research project

Researchers

Key Search Terms

Pea, chickpea,

lentil and bean,

and associated

flour

 

Characterization of structure, physicochemical and physiological properties of starch from Canadian grown pulse crops to develop novel functional food ingredients and functional foods for human health benefits

Dr. Qiang Liu – PI (AAFC Guelph); Dr. Michael Thompson (McMaster University), Dr. Ratnajothi Hoover (Memorial University)

Starch, food ingredients, pulse fractions, resistant starch, slowly digestible starch, starch structure, digestibility, extrusion, novel pulse foods, bioavailability, in-vitro starch digestion

Peas, lentils, chickpeas, faba beans and beans – whole and split

A quantitative assessment of the anti-nutritional properties of Canadian pulses

Dr. Michael Nickerson – PI (U of Saskatchewan), Dr. Sue Arntfield (U of Manitoba), Dr. Janitha Wanasundara (AAFC Saskatoon), Dr. Rex Newkirk (Canadian International Grains Institute)

 

Antinutritional properties, starch, food ingredients, pulse fractions, resistant starch, starch structure, digestibility, extrusion, phenolics, enzyme inhibitors, lectins, phytates, oxalates, saponins

Seed coat fibre of yellow pea, lentil, and faba bean

Utilization of yellow pea, lentil and faba bean fibre and starch for meat product applications

Dr. Phyllis Shand – PI (U of Saskatchewan), Dr. Janitha Wanasundara (AAFC Saskatoon), Dr. Mehmet Tulbek (AGT Food Ingredients)

Starch, fibre, food ingredients, pulse fractions, meat products, meat binding, emulsion type meat products, seed coat fibre, sensory evaluation

Lentil

Thermal pre-treatment of pulses for innovative ingredients and consumer-ready meat products 11: Going Global

Dr. Phyllis Shand – PI (U of Saskatchewan), Dr. Janitha Wanasundara (AAFC Saskatoon), Dr. Mark Pickard (InfraReady Foods)

Starch, fibre, food ingredients, pulse fractions, pulse-enhanced meat products, sensory evaluation, micronized lentil flour, comminuted meat systems, micronization

 

Cluster 2 research in the area of Human Health Outcomes includes:

Pulse crop(s)

Title of research project

Researchers

Key Search Terms

Chickpea, lentil

Determining the link between pulse foods, gut health, and chronic disease

Krista Power (PI)

Lindsay Robinson

Emma Allen-Vercoe

Gut health, digestion, mice, inflammatory bowel disease, colon health, Robogut

 

Effect of a pulse-based diet on the health of women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: Phase II investigation

Gord Zello

Reproduction health, polycystic ovarian syndrome, metabolic disorders, health claims, PCOS, recipe booklet for PCOS

Lentil, pea

Blood glucose attenuation and satiety levels in humans following consumption of whole lentil and yellow pea and their food products; effect of processing and starch fractions

Dan Ramdath (PI)

Alison Duncan

Blood glucose, satiety, starch fractions, health claims, glycemic index, diabetes management, pulse fractions, pulse fibre, pulse protein

Lentil

The Effects of Lentil Fractions on Short-term Blood Glucose, Insulin, Food Intake and Appetite

Harvey Anderson

Blood glucose, satiety, starch fractions, health claims, glycemic index

Beans (navy, pinto, black, red kidney), faba beans, kabuli chickpea, pea (yellow, green), lentils (red, laird)

The effect of variety and processing on the protein quality of Canadian pulses for the human diet

James House (PI)

PER (Protein efficiency ratio), PDCAAS (Protein Digestibility-Corrected Amino Acid Score),DIAAS (Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score)



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